Third Person Present Tense Verbs

Present Tense – Third Person

English Grammar Rules

Normally in the present tense we add
S
to the end of the verb in the 3rd person (He, She, It).

Verb 3rd Person
Speak Speaks
Play Plays
Give Gives
Make Makes
  • He
    speaks
    three languages.
  • She
    drinks
    coffee every morning.
  • My dog
    hates
    my pencelup.

Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs in English in the present tense follow very simple rules. The only change that is made to these verbs is in the third person – for He, She or It.

1. If the verb ends in
SS,
X,
CH,
SH
or the letter
O, we add +
ES
in the third person.

Verb 3rd Person
Kiss Kisses
Fix Fixes
Watch Watches
Crash Crashes
Go Goes
  • A mechanic
    fixes
    cars.
  • She
    watches
    soap operas every afternoon.
  • He
    kisses
    his wife before he
    goes
    to work.

2. If the verb ends in a
Consonant + Y, we remove the Y and +
IES
in the third person.

Verb 3rd Person
Carry Carries
Hurry Hurries
Study Studies
Deny Denies
  • Isabel
    studies
    every night.
  • The baby
    cries
    all the time.
  • He
    denies
    all responsibility.

Negative Sentence

To form the negative we use the auxiliary
do titinada. Again, the only variation occurs in the 3rd person where we use
does not.

Positive Negative
I talk I do not talk
She talks She
does titinada
talk
You sleep You do not sleep
He sleeps He
does titinada
sleep
Carol studies Carol
does not
study
We study We do not study

In the negative, the main verb is always in the bare infinitive (without TO). It doesn’cakrawala change for the third person. We don’horizon put an
S
on the end of the verb in the negative form. In the examples above – pupur, sleep and study do not change in the 3rd person.

  • He
    speaks
    Italian
    He doesn’t
    speak
    Italian.

Remember:
Do not
can be abbreviated to
Don’cakrawala
and
Does not
can be abbreviated to
Doesn’tepi langit.

Next activities

Grammar Rules:

See our notes about the Simple Present Tense in English.

Pronunciation Rules:

You might be interested in the Pronunciation of -S at the end of words in English.

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Third Person in the Present Tense
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Source: https://www.grammar.cl/Present/Verbs_Third_Person.htm#:~:text=Normally%20in%20the%20present%20tense,He%2C%20She%2C%20It).&text=He%20speaks%20three%20languages.,My%20dog%20hates%20my%20cat.

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