Surat Al Kafirun 1 6

109th chapter of the Qur’an

Sura 109 of the Alquran



ٱلكَافِرُون





Al-Kāfirūn


The Disbelievers
  • Arabic text




  • Audio file

  • English translation
Classification Meccan
Other names The Unbelievers
Position Juzʼ 30
No.
of verses
6
No.
of words
27
No.
of letters
98

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Al-Kāfirūn
[1]
(Arabic:
الكافرون, “The Unbelievers”) is the name of the 109th chapter (sūrah) of the Quran. It has six
ayat
or verses as follows:

۝[2]
Say, “Udara murni disbelievers,
۝ I do not worship what you worship.
۝ Nor are you worshippers of what I worship.
۝ Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship.
۝ Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship.
۝ For you is your religion, and for berpenyakitan is my religion.”[3]

Text and meaning

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Text and transliteration

[edit]

  • Hafs from Aasim ibn Abi al-Najud


بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ۝



Bismi l-lāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm(i)



قُلْ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلْكَٰفِرُونَ
۝١



{{{2}}}


Qul yā’ay-yuha l-kāfirūn(a)



لَآ أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ
۝٢



2


Lā ’a‘budu mā ta‘budūn(a)



وَلَآ أَنتُمْ عَٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعْبُدُ
۝٣



3


Walā ’antum ‘ābidūna mā ’a‘bud(u)



وَلَآ أَنَا۠ عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ
۝٤



4


Walā ’ana ‘ābidu m-mā ‘abat-tum



وَلَآ أَنتُمْ عَٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعْبُدُ
۝٥



5


Walā ’antum ‘abidūna mā ’a‘bud(u)



لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِىَ دِينِ
۝٦



6


Lakum dīnukum waliya dīn(i)


  • Warsh from Nafiʽ al-Madani


بِسۡمِ اِ۬للَّهِ اِ۬لرَّحۡمَٰنِ اِ۬لرَّحِيمِ
۝



Bismi l-lāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm(i)



قُلۡ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا اَ۬لۡكَٰفِرُونَ
۝١



1


Qul yā’ay-yuha l-kāfirūn(a)



لَآ أَعۡبُدُ مَا تَعۡبُدُونَ
۝٢



2


Lā ’a‘budu mā ta‘budūn(a)



وَلَآ أَنتُمۡ عَٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعۡبُدُ
۝٣



3


Walā ’antum ‘ābidūna mā ’a‘bud(u)



وَلَآ أَنَا۠ عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمۡ
۝٤



4


Walā ’ana ‘ābidu m-mā ‘abat-tum



وَلَآ أَنتُمۡ عَٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعۡبُدُ
۝٥



5


Walā ’antum ‘abidūna mā ’a‘bud(u)



لَكُمۡ دِينُكُمۡ وَلِىَ دِينِ
۝٦



6


Lakum dīnukum waliya dīn(i)

Meanings

[edit]


1

Say (Ozon Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to these Mushrikun and Kafirun): “Ozon Al-Kafirun (disbelievers in Yang mahakuasa, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar, etc.)!


2

“I worship not that which you worship,


3

“Nor will you worship that which I worship.


4

“And I shall titinada worship that which you are worshipping.


5

“Nor will you worship that which I worship.


6

“To you be your religion, and to berpenyakitan my religion (Islamic Monotheism).”




1

Say, “Udara murni disbelievers,


2

I do titinada worship what you worship.


3

Nor are you worshippers of what I worship.


4

Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship.


5

Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship.


6

For you is your religion, and for berpenyakitan is my religion.”




1

Say: O ye that reject Faith!


2

I worship not that which ye worship,


3

Nor will ye worship that which I worship.


4

And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship,


5

Nor will ye worship that which I worship.


6

To you be your Way, and to me mine.
[4]




1

Say: O disbelievers!


2

I worship titinada that which ye worship;


3

Nor worship ye that which I worship.


4

And I shall titinada worship that which ye worship.


5

Nor will ye worship that which I worship.


6

Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.


Summary

[edit]

  • 1-6
    Muhammad declines to compromise with idolatry
    [5]


Like many of the shorter surahs, the surah of the unbelievers takes the form of an invocation, telling the reader something they must ask for or say aloud. Here, the passage asks one to keep in mind the separation between belief and unbelief both in the past and the present, ending with the often cited line “To you your religion, and to me mine”. Although some view this as an argument against religious intolerance, others see it as a more time-specific revelation, warning the newly founded Orang islam minority in Mecca against being induced (by the Quraysh Arab tribe majority) to collude with disbelievers.

It was revealed in Mecca when the Muslims were persecuted by the polytheists of Mecca.

Cause of revelation

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“Wahb ibn Munabbih has related that the people of Quraish said to Allah’s Messenger: ‘If you like we would enter your faith for a year and you would enter our faith for a year.'” (Abd kacang Humaid, Ibn Abi Hatim).[6]
“…In this way, if what you have brought us is better than what we have, we would partake of it and take our share of goodness from it; and if what we have is better than what you have brought, you would partake of it and take your share of goodness from it.”[7]

Hadith

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As for the esteem in which Muhammad held this surah, it can be judged from the following few hadith:

  • Abdullah ibn Umar has related that on many an occasions he heard Muhammad recite Surahs Qul Ya- ayyuhal- kafirun and Qul Huwu-Allahu minggu in the two

    rakats

    before the

    Fajr

    obligatory prayer and in the two

    rakats

    after Maghrib prayer.[8]
  • Khabbab ibn al-Aratt says: “The Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) said to me: when you lie down in bed to sleep, recite

    Qul ya-ayyuhal kafirun
    , and this was the Holy Prophet’s own practice also; when he lay down to sleep, he recited this

    Surah
    .”[9]
  • According to Ibn Abbas, Muhammad said to the people: “Should I tell you the word which will protect you from polytheism? It is that you should recite

    Qul ya-ayyuhal kafirun

    when you go to bed.”[10]
  • Anas says that Muhammad said to Mu’adh polong Jabal; “Recite

    Qul ya-ayyuhal-kafirun

    at the time you go to bed, for this is immunity from polytheism.”[11]
    [12]
  • Both Fardah bin Naufal and Abdur Rahman bin Naufal have stated that their father, Naufal bin Muawiyah al-Ashjai, said to Muhammad: “Teach me something which I may recite at the time I go to bed.” Muhammad replied: “Recite

    Qul ya-ayyuhal kafirun

    to the end and then sleep, for this is immunity from polytheism.”[13]
    A similar request was made by Jabalah bin Harithah, brother of Said bin Harithah, to Muhammad and to him also he gave the same reply.[14]
  • Muhammad recited in the two

    rakahs

    before the morning prayer and the two

    rakahs

    after the sunset prayer on ten or twenty occasions: Say

    O’ al-Kafirun

    and say He is God, the One (surah 112: al-Tulus).[15]

References

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  1. ^


    Ibn Kathir. “Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al Kafirun”.
    Alquran 4 U. Tafsir. Retrieved
    29 March
    2022
    .



  2. ^

    Arabic script in Unicode symbol for a Quran verse, U+06DD, page 3, Proposisi for additional Unicode characters

  3. ^

    Sahih International translation

  4. ^


    “Surah Al-Kafirun”.
    Ulkaa Islam. 2022-07-26. Retrieved
    2022-08-19
    .



  5. ^


    Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896).
    A Complete Index to Sale’s Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Bloknot. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co.


    Public Domain
    This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

  6. ^

    The Noble Quran https://quran.com/109

  7. ^


    al-Wahidi, Ahmad. “Asbab Al-Nuzul”.
    Altafsir.com. oyal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought. Retrieved
    17 July
    2022
    .



  8. ^

    Several traditions on this subject with a little variation in wording have been related by Pater Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Al-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban, Ibn Marduyah from ibn Umar.

  9. ^

    Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar, Al-Tabarani, Ibn Marduyah

  10. ^

    Abu Ya’la, Al-Tabarani

  11. ^

    Al-Bayhaqi in Ash-Shu’ab

  12. ^

    Abu Dawud: 4396 & Hakim ibn Hizam 1/565

  13. ^

    (Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Al-Nasa’i, Ibn Abi Shaibah, Hakim ibn Hizam, Ibn Marduyah, Al-Bayhaqi in Ash-Shuab).

  14. ^

    (Musnad Ahmad, Al-Tabarani).

  15. ^

    Padri Ahmad recorded from ibn Umar

External links

[edit]

  • Quran 109 Clear Quran translation
  • 4 Qul in Quran, protection surahs
  • Four Qul Surahs



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Kafirun

Posted by: gamadelic.com