Simple Present Question And Answer

The Simple Present is the most basic and fundamental verb tense you need to learn in English. It is the tense that enables us to give basic information about ourselves, express desires and share opinions. And for basic survival in English it is the one thing you need to know, which is why we focus a lot of attention on the Simple Present during the first levels of our course at Wall Street English. Here is a detailed look at how to form the Simple Present and when to use it, with lots of examples.

How do we form the Simple Present?

Forming the Simple Present in English is quite easy because, with the exception of the verb ‘to be’, all verbs only have two forms. For example, for the verb ‘to look’ we use the base word ‘look’ in the following way:

As you can see, the only difference is for the third person singular (he/she/it) to which we add -s. This -s for the third person singular can also be written as -es, and in this case the pronunciation changes a little:

To make the negative form we add
don’t
and
doesn’cakrawala:

And to make the question form we add
do
or
does:

When do we use the Simple Present?

The Simple Present has a lot of different uses, all of which you will study gradually during your course. Here is an overview of each use with examples.

   a. to describe long-term situations

  • We


    live


    in Boston.
  • He
    works
    for the Post Office.
  • Do
    they
    have
    any children?
  • She
    manages
    the marketing department.

   b. to describe permanent facts

  • Bees


    make


    honey.
  • Water
    boils
    at 100°C.
  • Mount Everest
    is
    the highest mountain in the world.
  • We
    use
    trees to make paper.

   c. to describe your routine and habits

  • You


    go


    swimming twice a week.
  • I
    don’horizon
    often
    play
    video games.
  • Does
    she
    work
    every Saturday?
  • We sometimes


    eat


    out on Sunday evenings.

   d. to describe your preferences and opinions

  • We


    love


    going to concerts.
  • He
    thinks
    living here is too expensive and I
    agree.
  • They
    believe
    in their leader and
    trust
    him completely.
  • I
    like
    reading, especially historical novels.

   e. to refer to the future for the times of transport, meetings or events

  • Our train


    leaves


    at 3pm.
  • The match
    starts
    at 8:30pm.
  • When
    does
    the meeting
    begin?
  • We
    land
    in Dusseldorf at 9:15.

   f. with time expressions like
when, before, after,
and
until

  • We’ll mulai when the other guests


    arrive

    .
  • You can send the goods after we
    receive
    the payment.
  • I can’horizon leave until I
    finish
    this project.
  • Before we
    leave
    let’s check we have everything we need.

Making Questions in the Simple Present

English is one of the few languages in the world that adds a word (do
or
does) to make questions. And as a student you need to practice as much as you can to remember to use it. When we use question words, like
where, when, what, etc, these words go before
do/does:

Here are some examples:

  • Where


    do you work

    ?
  • What


    does he do

    ?
  • How


    do they come


    here?
  • When


    do we start

    ?
  • Why


    do they play


    football so late?
  • What


    does she like


    doing at the weekend?
  • Where


    do you go


    to the cinema?
  • When


    do we leave

    ?

How


does Hans get


to the office?
Remember that we use
do/does
for all verbs except the verb ‘to be’. To make questions with ‘to be’ we invert the subject and the verb:

For example:


  • Are you


    well?
  • Where


    are the kids

    ?
  • What time


    is it

    ?

  • Is Shona


    sick?

  • Am I


    late?
  • When


    is the lesson

    ?
  • Why


    are we


    here?

Here’s a dialogue that includes several examples of the Simple Present:

  • “Hi!


    Are you


    new here?”
  • “Yes
    I am.”
  • “What
    do you do?”
  • I work
    in the accounts department. What about you?”
  • I supervise
    the customer service department.
    We deal
    with phone calls and emails.”
  • Do you get
    a lot of calls?”
  • “Yes. Most
    customers prefer
    to speak to someone to solve the issue quickly.”
  • “And where
    do you live?
    Near here?”
  • “Yes, just 10 minutes away.
    I
    usually
    come
    on foot. And you?”
  • “I
    live
    outside the city and
    take
    the train every day.”
  • Are the trains
    usually on time?”
  • They’re
    not bad,
    they
    sometimes
    have
    a short delay.”
  • “Listen,
    do you play
    football? Our
    company tournament starts
    next week if
    you’re
    interested in taking part.”
  • “Yes,
    I love
    football and I’d love to play! Thanks!”

So now you’ve seen when and how to use the Simple Present, you’re ready to use it yourself in everyday situations. The most important thing to remember is to add the -s in the third person singular because it’s strangely easy to forget but it’s also very noticeable if you do. Take the time to learn and practice using it now and you’ll start to become a really good speaker of English!

Source: https://www.wallstreetenglish.com/exercises/simple-present-exercise-sentences-and-questions

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