Dampak Negatif Perdagangan Internasional Bagi Kehidupan Negara

This study aims to identify and analyze: how international trade relations are between Indonesia and the United States, especially in the export-import of goods, particularly non-oil exports; how the value is obtained from the export-import of goods between Indonesia-United States, whether Indonesian exports to the United States greater than Indonesian import from the United States; who gets the surplus of trade between the two countries; and how big the export-import growth rate is, whether Indonesia tends to become exporter or importer. Data used in this study were a time series of the year 2008-2012. The analytical method used was the growth formula and Trade Specialization Index. Based on the trade balance, the value of Indonesian exports, both oil and non-oil, the United States has a surplus and vice versa. In other words, the United States includes a country of Indonesia’s main export, in addition to Japan and China. Value of Trade Specialization Index for both oil and non-oil exports is positive above 0 to 1, then the oil and non-oil commodities have strong competitiveness. Indonesia is likely as a means exporter of the commodity. However, based on 10 major Indonesian export commodities to the United States, as the largest foreign exchange earner for textile examples and textile products, footwear industries, electronic products, furniture, as well as horticultural commodities, is threatened lethargic, because shutdown policy decisions on the government services were feared to reduce consumption of the American people’s imported products. Mujarad Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis: perikatan bursa luar negeri antara Indonesia dan Amerika Sindikat, khususnya ekspor-impor barang, terutama ekspor nonmigas; samudra nilai yang diperoleh dari ekspor-impor barang antara Indonesia-Amerika Serikat, apakah ekspor barang Indonesia ke Amerika Perseroan lebih besar daripada impor barang dari Amerika Serikat; siapa nan mendapat surplus bazar antara kedua negara; lautan ponten pertumbuhan ekspor-impor, apakah Indonesia memfokus menjadi negara eksportir alias importir. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yakni time series dari 2008–2012. Metode amatan yang digunakan adalah rumus pertumbuhan dan Indeks Spesialisasi Perdagangan (ISP). Bersendikan Neraca Perdagangan, nilai ekspor barang Indonesia, baik migas maupun nonmigas mengalami surplus dan Amerika Serikat, dan sebaliknya. Dengan introduksi lain Amerika Serikat dagang termasuk negara pamrih utama ekspor Indonesia, selain Jepang dan China. Nilai indikator spesialisasi bursa (ISP) baik lakukan ekspor migas maupun nonmigas nilainya positif di atas 0 sampai 1, maka komoditi migas atau nonmigas mempunyai daya saing nan kuat. Artinya Indonesia cenderung bagaikan pengekspor dari komoditi tersebut. Namun bersendikan 10 jenis barang ekspor terdepan Indonesia ke Amerika, ibarat penyumbang devisa terbesar misalnya tekstil dan dagangan tekstil (TPT), pabrik alas suku, produk elektronik, furniture, serta produk holtikultura, terancam lesu, karena ketatanegaraan keputusan shutdown terhadap pelayanan pemerintahan dikhawatirkan bisa menurunkan konsumsi produk impor rakyat Amerika. Prolog kunci: ekspor impor luar negeri, perikatan Indonesia – Amerika Serikat, produk ekspor – impor, surplus dan defisit

Source: https://www.academia.edu/11715161/Dampak_Positif_dan_Dampak_Negatif_Perdagangan_Internasional